Barcelona, March 1, 2023.- The FastCompany magazine has reported on the design of cities thanks to artificial intelligence. Some projects that will affect transport and urban distribution:
Urban planning is one of the fundamental drivers of citizen well-being. It impacts the life of the residents through transportation systems, distribution of resources throughout the city, and the prescribed densities of residential, commercial, and industrial areas.
Well-planned cities have the potential to significantly enhance the quality of life for their residents. By fostering a harmonious urban ecosystem, cities can facilitate shorter commutes, provide a safer and more secure living environment, and ensure that essential resources are readily available throughout the city. Conversely, inadequate urban planning results in cities that are plagued by disorder, and have a detrimental impact on the well-being of their citizens. This includes inefficiencies in the utilization of public resources and negative consequences for the environment, creating a self-perpetuating cycle of social, economic, and environmental challenges that undermine the livability and sustainability of the city as a whole.
Artificial intelligence (AI) has made shifts in various industries, and urban planning is not an exception. Although the impact of AI in urban planning has been controversial, there are ways in which it shows potential in its ability to help design better cities.
One of the main ways AI can improve urban planning is its ability to design and optimize transportation systems—highways, streets, town squares, subway stations, bus stations, and the ways in which they all branch out to facilitate smaller pedestrian pathways.
Traditionally, these systems are designed by rules of thumb and manual efforts that take years. AI can help improve this process by taking over the manual and laborious parts of the effort and bringing to the table a computational ability not humanly possible, finding the most optimal routes and systems and delivering results that were not imaginable before.
Another area is the allocation of common spaces such as supermarkets, parks, and libraries—decisions for which are driven by citizen votes. AI can ensure each vote is captured and gets equal attention, and individual biases are pushed away in favor of making the best decision for the collective group of neighbors. Furthermore, AI can help predict whether concerns such as NIMBY (“Not In My Backyard”) are as negatively impactful as citizens believe, and what other types of new construction can potentially bring value to their properties.
Last but not least, AI can help by providing insights on the best stack of programs in a building. Whether it’s a gym, plaza, restaurant, or coworking space addressing the building residents or the public, AI can facilitate the decision-making on what level and square feet to dedicate to the program by bringing more data and computational power to the table and enhancing the decision-making to a level not imaginable before.
Information by FastCompany